Looking for innovative environment-friendly building materials

Environmental Impact is a vast topic which is gaining more popularity among the sector of

the economy and general people when they make their daily life and business decisions.

Within the construction industry, the issue is particularly coming to light since the industry

has traditionally been known for its harsh impacts on natural environment and resources.

With the emergence of numerous eco-friendly building material in the market, there has

been a considerable reduction in the environmental impact of building operations and

constructions. Since different people tend to define sustainability differently, it is hard to

define the world’s most eco-friendly building materials.

The sustainability of a material is defined as anything that a material requires for

production, growth and transportation including water and other resources needed to

grow natural items, as well as the gas required for transportation. Sustainability also

refers to how appropriate is it for the environment. Here is a list of materials that are

most eco-friendly:

Bamboo

There has been universal agreement on the eco-friendliness of the bamboo as a building

material with its incredibly high rate of self-generation reaching up to three feet in 24

hours. Technically bamboo is a perennial grass, rather than wood. So, it does not need to

be harvested or replanted for its spread. Being lightweight, it is less energy intensive to

grow compared to the materials of the same durability. Having a high strength-to-weight

ratio and exclusive durability, with massive compressive strength, makes it able to take a

beating without being replaced.

Cork

Cork is also a fast-growing resource like bamboo. The major bonus points it gains is its

availability from a living tree that continues to grow and produce bark, i.e., cork.

Cork is resilient and flexible having the ability to revert back to its shape after sustaining

immense pressures. It can also be an ideal material for insulation because of its noise

absorption abilities. Shock absorption capabilities further make it suitable for sub-flooring.

Reclaimed or Recycled Wood

Although steel and aluminium are high embodied energy materials, however, with each

recycling procedure, when the metal is properly and efficiently reused and recycled into

new products, the energy it embodies is lowered making the material more sustainable.

Recycled metal tends to be a long-lasting material with does require to be replaced

frequently. It does not tend to burn or warp, making it a suitable option for structural

support, roofing and building facades. It is also pest and water resistant.

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